napari.components.ViewerModel#

class napari.components.ViewerModel(title='napari', ndisplay=2, order=(), axis_labels=())[source]#

Bases: KeymapProvider, MousemapProvider, EventedModel

Viewer containing the rendered scene, layers, and controlling elements including dimension sliders, and control bars for color limits.

Parameters:
  • title (string) – The title of the viewer window.

  • ndisplay ({2, 3}) – Number of displayed dimensions.

  • order (tuple of int) – Order in which dimensions are displayed where the last two or last three dimensions correspond to row x column or plane x row x column if ndisplay is 2 or 3.

  • axis_labels (list of str) – Dimension names.

camera#

The camera object modeling the position and view.

Type:

napari.components.camera.Camera

cursor#

The cursor object containing the position and properties of the cursor.

Type:

napari.components.cursor.Cursor

dims#

Contains axes, indices, dimensions and sliders.

Type:

napari.components.dims.Dimensions

grid#

Gridcanvas allowing for the current implementation of a gridview of the canvas.

Type:

napari.components.grid.Gridcanvas

help#

A help message of the viewer model

Type:

str

layers#

List of contained layers.

Type:

napari.components.layerlist.LayerList

mouse_over_canvas#

Indicating whether the mouse cursor is on the viewer canvas.

Type:

bool

theme#

Name of the Napari theme of the viewer

Type:

str

title#

The title of the viewer model

Type:

str

tooltip#

A tooltip showing extra information on the cursor

Type:

napari.components.tooltip.Tooltip

window#

Parent window.

Type:

napari._qt.qt_main_window.Window

_canvas_size#

The canvas size following the Numpy convention of height x width

Type:

Tuple[int, int]

_ctx#

Viewer object context mapping.

Type:

Mapping

_layer_slicer#

A layer slicer object controlling the creation of a slice

Type:

napari.components._layer_slicer._Layer_Slicer

_overlays#

An EventedDict with as keys the string names of different napari overlays and as values the napari.Overlay objects.

Type:

napari.utils.events.containers._evented_dict.EventedDict[str, Overlay]

Inherited-members:

Methods

add_image([data, channel_axis, affine, ...])

Add one or more Image layers to the layer list.

add_labels(data, *[, affine, blending, ...])

Add a Labels layer to the layer list.

add_layer(layer)

Add a layer to the viewer.

add_points([data, ndim, affine, ...])

Add a Points layer to the layer list.

add_shapes([data, ndim, affine, blending, ...])

Add a Shapes layer to the layer list.

add_surface(data, *[, affine, blending, ...])

Add a Surface layer to the layer list.

add_tracks(data, *[, affine, blending, ...])

Add a Tracks layer to the layer list.

add_vectors([data, affine, blending, cache, ...])

Add a Vectors layer to the layer list.

bind_key(key_bind[, func, overwrite])

Bind a key combination to a keymap.

construct([_fields_set])

Creates a new model setting __dict__ and __fields_set__ from trusted or pre-validated data.

copy(*[, include, exclude, update, deep])

Duplicate a model, optionally choose which fields to include, exclude and change.

dict(**kwargs)

Convert to a dictionary.

enums_as_values([as_values])

Temporarily override how enums are retrieved.

from_orm(obj)

json(**kwargs)

Serialize to json.

open(path, *[, stack, plugin, layer_type])

Open a path or list of paths with plugins, and add layers to viewer.

open_sample(plugin, sample[, reader_plugin])

Open sample from plugin and add it to the viewer.

parse_file(path, *[, content_type, ...])

parse_obj(obj)

parse_raw(b, *[, content_type, encoding, ...])

reset()

Reset the state of the model to default values.

reset_view()

Reset the camera view.

rounded_division(min_val, max_val, precision)

schema([by_alias, ref_template])

schema_json(*[, by_alias, ref_template])

update(values[, recurse])

Update a model in place.

update_forward_refs(**localns)

Try to update ForwardRefs on fields based on this Model, globalns and localns.

validate(value)

Attributes

axes

class_keymap

events

experimental

Experimental commands for IPython console.

keymap

scale_bar

text_overlay

Details

add_image(data=None, *, channel_axis=None, affine=None, attenuation=0.05, blending=None, cache=True, colormap=None, contrast_limits=None, custom_interpolation_kernel_2d=None, depiction='volume', experimental_clipping_planes=None, gamma=1.0, interpolation2d='nearest', interpolation3d='linear', iso_threshold=None, metadata=None, multiscale=None, name=None, opacity=1.0, plane=None, projection_mode='none', rendering='mip', rgb=None, rotate=None, scale=None, shear=None, translate=None, visible=True) Image | list[Image][source]#

Add one or more Image layers to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (array or list of array) – Image data. Can be N >= 2 dimensional. If the last dimension has length 3 or 4 can be interpreted as RGB or RGBA if rgb is True. If a list and arrays are decreasing in shape then the data is treated as a multiscale image. Please note multiscale rendering is only supported in 2D. In 3D, only the lowest resolution scale is displayed.

  • channel_axis (int, optional) – Axis to expand image along. If provided, each channel in the data will be added as an individual image layer. In channel_axis mode, other parameters MAY be provided as lists. The Nth value of the list will be applied to the Nth channel in the data. If a single value is provided, it will be broadcast to all Layers. All parameters except data, rgb, and multiscale can be provided as list of values. If a list is provided, it must be the same length as the axis that is being expanded as channels.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • attenuation (float or list of float) – Attenuation rate for attenuated maximum intensity projection.

  • blending (str or list of str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘translucent’, ‘translucent_no_depth’, ‘additive’, ‘minimum’, ‘opaque’}.

  • cache (bool or list of bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap, tuple, dict, list or list of these types) – Colormaps to use for luminance images. If a string, it can be the name of a supported colormap from vispy or matplotlib or the name of a vispy color or a hexadecimal RGB color representation. If a tuple, the first value must be a string to assign as a name to a colormap and the second item must be a Colormap. If a dict, the key must be a string to assign as a name to a colormap and the value must be a Colormap.

  • contrast_limits (list (2,)) – Intensity value limits to be used for determining the minimum and maximum colormap bounds for luminance images. If not passed, they will be calculated as the min and max intensity value of the image.

  • custom_interpolation_kernel_2d (np.ndarray) – Convolution kernel used with the ‘custom’ interpolation mode in 2D rendering.

  • depiction (str or list of str) – 3D Depiction mode. Must be one of {‘volume’, ‘plane’}. The default value is ‘volume’.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • gamma (float or list of float) – Gamma correction for determining colormap linearity; defaults to 1.

  • interpolation2d (str or list of str) – Interpolation mode used by vispy for rendering 2d data. Must be one of our supported modes. (for list of supported modes see Interpolation enum) ‘custom’ is a special mode for 2D interpolation in which a regular grid of samples is taken from the texture around a position using ‘linear’ interpolation before being multiplied with a custom interpolation kernel (provided with ‘custom_interpolation_kernel_2d’).

  • interpolation3d (str or list of str) – Same as ‘interpolation2d’ but for 3D rendering.

  • iso_threshold (float or list of float) – Threshold for isosurface.

  • metadata (dict or list of dict) – Layer metadata.

  • multiscale (bool) – Whether the data is a multiscale image or not. Multiscale data is represented by a list of array-like image data. If not specified by the user and if the data is a list of arrays that decrease in shape, then it will be taken to be multiscale. The first image in the list should be the largest. Please note multiscale rendering is only supported in 2D. In 3D, only the lowest resolution scale is displayed.

  • name (str or list of str) – Name of the layer.

  • opacity (float or list) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • plane (dict or SlicingPlane) – Properties defining plane rendering in 3D. Properties are defined in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, ‘thickness’, and ‘enabled’}.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions, but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimensions. Must fit to cls._projectionclass

  • rendering (str or list of str) – Rendering mode used by vispy. Must be one of our supported modes. If a list then must be same length as the axis that is being expanded as channels.

  • rgb (bool, optional) – Whether the image is RGB or RGBA if rgb. If not specified by user, but the last dimension of the data has length 3 or 4, it will be set as True. If False, the image is interpreted as a luminance image.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, n-D array or list.) – If a float, convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple, convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise, assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with ‘np.degrees’ if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float or list of tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shear (1-D array or list.) – A vector of shear values for an upper triangular n-D shear matrix.

  • translate (tuple of float or list of tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • visible (bool or list of bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created image layer or list of image layers.

Return type:

napari.layers.Image or list

add_labels(data, *, affine=None, blending='translucent', cache=True, colormap=None, depiction='volume', experimental_clipping_planes=None, features=None, metadata=None, multiscale=None, name=None, opacity=0.7, plane=None, projection_mode='none', properties=None, rendering='iso_categorical', rotate=None, scale=None, shear=None, translate=None, visible=True) Labels#

Add a Labels layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (array or list of array) – Labels data as an array or multiscale. Must be integer type or bools. Please note multiscale rendering is only supported in 2D. In 3D, only the lowest resolution scale is displayed.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, and ‘additive’}.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • colormap (CyclicLabelColormap or DirectLabelColormap or None) – Colormap to use for the labels. If None, a random colormap will be used.

  • depiction (str) – 3D Depiction mode. Must be one of {‘volume’, ‘plane’}. The default value is ‘volume’.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • features (dict[str, array-like] or DataFrame) – Features table where each row corresponds to a label and each column is a feature. The first row corresponds to the background label.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • multiscale (bool) – Whether the data is a multiscale image or not. Multiscale data is represented by a list of array like image data. If not specified by the user and if the data is a list of arrays that decrease in shape then it will be taken to be multiscale. The first image in the list should be the largest. Please note multiscale rendering is only supported in 2D. In 3D, only the lowest resolution scale is displayed.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • plane (dict or SlicingPlane) – Properties defining plane rendering in 3D. Properties are defined in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, ‘thickness’, and ‘enabled’}.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimensions

  • properties (dict {str: array (N,)} or DataFrame) – Properties for each label. Each property should be an array of length N, where N is the number of labels, and the first property corresponds to background.

  • rendering (str) – 3D Rendering mode used by vispy. Must be one {‘translucent’, ‘iso_categorical’}. ‘translucent’ renders without lighting. ‘iso_categorical’ uses isosurface rendering to calculate lighting effects on labeled surfaces. The default value is ‘iso_categorical’.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created labels layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Labels

add_layer(layer: Layer) Layer[source]#

Add a layer to the viewer.

Parameters:

layer (napari.layers.Layer) – Layer to add.

Returns:

layer – The layer that was added (same as input).

Return type:

napari.layers.Layer or list

add_points(data=None, ndim=None, *, affine=None, antialiasing=1, blending='translucent', border_color='dimgray', border_color_cycle=None, border_colormap='viridis', border_contrast_limits=None, border_width=0.05, border_width_is_relative=True, cache=True, canvas_size_limits=(2, 10000), experimental_clipping_planes=None, face_color='white', face_color_cycle=None, face_colormap='viridis', face_contrast_limits=None, feature_defaults=None, features=None, metadata=None, n_dimensional=None, name=None, opacity=1.0, out_of_slice_display=False, projection_mode='none', properties=None, property_choices=None, rotate=None, scale=None, shading='none', shear=None, shown=True, size=10, symbol='o', text=None, translate=None, visible=True) Points#

Add a Points layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (array (N, D)) – Coordinates for N points in D dimensions.

  • ndim (int) – Number of dimensions for shapes. When data is not None, ndim must be D. An empty points layer can be instantiated with arbitrary ndim.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • antialiasing (float) – Amount of antialiasing in canvas pixels.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, ‘translucent_no_depth’, ‘additive’, and ‘minimum’}.

  • border_color (str, array-like, dict) – Color of the point marker border. Numeric color values should be RGB(A).

  • border_color_cycle (np.ndarray, list) – Cycle of colors (provided as string name, RGB, or RGBA) to map to border_color if a categorical attribute is used color the vectors.

  • border_colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap) – Colormap to set border_color if a continuous attribute is used to set face_color.

  • border_contrast_limits (None, (float, float)) – clims for mapping the property to a color map. These are the min and max value of the specified property that are mapped to 0 and 1, respectively. The default value is None. If set the none, the clims will be set to (property.min(), property.max())

  • border_width (float, array) – Width of the symbol border in pixels.

  • border_width_is_relative (bool) – If enabled, border_width is interpreted as a fraction of the point size.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • canvas_size_limits (tuple of float) – Lower and upper limits for the size of points in canvas pixels.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • face_color (str, array-like, dict) – Color of the point marker body. Numeric color values should be RGB(A).

  • face_color_cycle (np.ndarray, list) – Cycle of colors (provided as string name, RGB, or RGBA) to map to face_color if a categorical attribute is used color the vectors.

  • face_colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap) – Colormap to set face_color if a continuous attribute is used to set face_color.

  • face_contrast_limits (None, (float, float)) – clims for mapping the property to a color map. These are the min and max value of the specified property that are mapped to 0 and 1, respectively. The default value is None. If set the none, the clims will be set to (property.min(), property.max())

  • feature_defaults (dict[str, Any] or DataFrame) – The default value of each feature in a table with one row.

  • features (dict[str, array-like] or DataFrame) – Features table where each row corresponds to a point and each column is a feature.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • n_dimensional (bool) – This property will soon be deprecated in favor of ‘out_of_slice_display’. Use that instead.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer. If not provided then will be guessed using heuristics.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • out_of_slice_display (bool) – If True, renders points not just in central plane but also slightly out of slice according to specified point marker size.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimensions. Must fit to cls._projectionclass.

  • properties (dict {str: array (N,)}, DataFrame) – Properties for each point. Each property should be an array of length N, where N is the number of points.

  • property_choices (dict {str: array (N,)}) – possible values for each property.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shading (str, Shading) –

    Render lighting and shading on points. Options are:

    • ’none’ No shading is added to the points.

    • ’spherical’ Shading and depth buffer are changed to give a 3D spherical look to the points

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • shown (1-D array of bool) – Whether to show each point.

  • size (float, array) – Size of the point marker in data pixels. If given as a scalar, all points are made the same size. If given as an array, size must be the same or broadcastable to the same shape as the data.

  • symbol (str, array) – Symbols to be used for the point markers. Must be one of the following: arrow, clobber, cross, diamond, disc, hbar, ring, square, star, tailed_arrow, triangle_down, triangle_up, vbar, x.

  • text (str, dict) – Text to be displayed with the points. If text is set to a key in properties, the value of that property will be displayed. Multiple properties can be composed using f-string-like syntax (e.g., ‘{property_1}, {float_property:.2f}). A dictionary can be provided with keyword arguments to set the text values and display properties. See TextManager.__init__() for the valid keyword arguments. For example usage, see /napari/examples/add_points_with_text.py.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created points layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Points

add_shapes(data=None, ndim=None, *, affine=None, blending='translucent', cache=True, edge_color='#777777', edge_color_cycle=None, edge_colormap='viridis', edge_contrast_limits=None, edge_width=1, experimental_clipping_planes=None, face_color='white', face_color_cycle=None, face_colormap='viridis', face_contrast_limits=None, feature_defaults=None, features=None, metadata=None, name=None, opacity=0.7, projection_mode='none', properties=None, property_choices=None, rotate=None, scale=None, shape_type='rectangle', shear=None, text=None, translate=None, visible=True, z_index=0) Shapes#

Add a Shapes layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (list or array) – List of shape data, where each element is an (N, D) array of the N vertices of a shape in D dimensions. Can be an 3-dimensional array if each shape has the same number of vertices.

  • ndim (int) – Number of dimensions for shapes. When data is not None, ndim must be D. An empty shapes layer can be instantiated with arbitrary ndim.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, and ‘additive’}.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • edge_color (str, array-like) – If string can be any color name recognized by vispy or hex value if starting with #. If array-like must be 1-dimensional array with 3 or 4 elements. If a list is supplied it must be the same length as the length of data and each element will be applied to each shape otherwise the same value will be used for all shapes.

  • edge_color_cycle (np.ndarray, list) – Cycle of colors (provided as string name, RGB, or RGBA) to map to edge_color if a categorical attribute is used color the vectors.

  • edge_colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap) – Colormap to set edge_color if a continuous attribute is used to set face_color.

  • edge_contrast_limits (None, (float, float)) – clims for mapping the property to a color map. These are the min and max value of the specified property that are mapped to 0 and 1, respectively. The default value is None. If set the none, the clims will be set to (property.min(), property.max())

  • edge_width (float or list) – Thickness of lines and edges. If a list is supplied it must be the same length as the length of data and each element will be applied to each shape otherwise the same value will be used for all shapes.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • face_color (str, array-like) – If string can be any color name recognized by vispy or hex value if starting with #. If array-like must be 1-dimensional array with 3 or 4 elements. If a list is supplied it must be the same length as the length of data and each element will be applied to each shape otherwise the same value will be used for all shapes.

  • face_color_cycle (np.ndarray, list) – Cycle of colors (provided as string name, RGB, or RGBA) to map to face_color if a categorical attribute is used color the vectors.

  • face_colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap) – Colormap to set face_color if a continuous attribute is used to set face_color.

  • face_contrast_limits (None, (float, float)) – clims for mapping the property to a color map. These are the min and max value of the specified property that are mapped to 0 and 1, respectively. The default value is None. If set the none, the clims will be set to (property.min(), property.max())

  • feature_defaults (dict[str, Any] or Dataframe-like) – The default value of each feature in a table with one row.

  • features (dict[str, array-like] or Dataframe-like) – Features table where each row corresponds to a shape and each column is a feature.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimenions.

  • properties (dict {str: array (N,)}, DataFrame) – Properties for each shape. Each property should be an array of length N, where N is the number of shapes.

  • property_choices (dict {str: array (N,)}) – possible values for each property.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shape_type (string or list) – String of shape shape_type, must be one of “{‘line’, ‘rectangle’, ‘ellipse’, ‘path’, ‘polygon’}”. If a list is supplied it must be the same length as the length of data and each element will be applied to each shape otherwise the same value will be used for all shapes.

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • text (str, dict) – Text to be displayed with the shapes. If text is set to a key in properties, the value of that property will be displayed. Multiple properties can be composed using f-string-like syntax (e.g., ‘{property_1}, {float_property:.2f}). A dictionary can be provided with keyword arguments to set the text values and display properties. See TextManager.__init__() for the valid keyword arguments. For example usage, see /napari/examples/add_shapes_with_text.py.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

  • z_index (int or list) – Specifier of z order priority. Shapes with higher z order are displayed ontop of others. If a list is supplied it must be the same length as the length of data and each element will be applied to each shape otherwise the same value will be used for all shapes.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created shapes layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Shapes

add_surface(data, *, affine=None, blending='translucent', cache=True, colormap='gray', contrast_limits=None, experimental_clipping_planes=None, feature_defaults=None, features=None, gamma=1.0, metadata=None, name=None, normals=None, opacity=1.0, projection_mode='none', rotate=None, scale=None, shading='flat', shear=None, texcoords=None, texture=None, translate=None, vertex_colors=None, visible=True, wireframe=None) Surface#

Add a Surface layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (2-tuple or 3-tuple of array) –

    The first element of the tuple is an (N, D) array of vertices of mesh triangles.

    The second is an (M, 3) array of int of indices of the mesh triangles.

    The optional third element is the (K0, …, KL, N) array of values (vertex_values) used to color vertices where the additional L dimensions are used to color the same mesh with different values. If not provided, it defaults to ones.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, and ‘additive’}.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap, tuple, dict) – Colormap to use for luminance images. If a string must be the name of a supported colormap from vispy or matplotlib. If a tuple the first value must be a string to assign as a name to a colormap and the second item must be a Colormap. If a dict the key must be a string to assign as a name to a colormap and the value must be a Colormap.

  • contrast_limits (list (2,)) – Color limits to be used for determining the colormap bounds for luminance images. If not passed is calculated as the min and max of the image.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • feature_defaults (dict[str, Any] or Dataframe-like) – The default value of each feature in a table with one row.

  • features (dict[str, array-like] or Dataframe-like) – Features table where each row corresponds to a shape and each column is a feature.

  • gamma (float) – Gamma correction for determining colormap linearity. Defaults to 1.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer.

  • normals (None, dict or SurfaceNormals) – Whether and how to display the face and vertex normals of the surface mesh.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimenions.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shading (str, Shading) –

    One of a list of preset shading modes that determine the lighting model using when rendering the surface in 3D.

    • Shading.NONE Corresponds to shading='none'.

    • Shading.FLAT Corresponds to shading='flat'.

    • Shading.SMOOTH Corresponds to shading='smooth'.

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • texcoords ((N, 2) array) – 2D coordinates for each vertex, mapping into the texture. The number of texture coords must match the number of vertices (N). Coordinates should be in [0.0, 1.0] and are scaled to sample the 2D texture. Coordinates outside this range will wrap, but this behavior should be considered an implementation detail: there are no plans to change it, but it’s a feature of the underlying vispy visual.

  • texture ((I, J) or (I, J, C) array) – A 2D texture to be mapped onto the mesh using texcoords. C may be 3 (RGB) or 4 (RGBA) channels for a color texture.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer

  • vertex_colors ((N, C) or (K0, ..., KL, N, C) array of color values) – Take care that the (optional) L additional dimensions match those of vertex_values for proper slicing. C may be 3 (RGB) or 4 (RGBA) channels..

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

  • wireframe (None, dict or SurfaceWireframe) – Whether and how to display the edges of the surface mesh with a wireframe.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created surface layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Surface

add_tracks(data, *, affine=None, blending='additive', cache=True, color_by='track_id', colormap='turbo', colormaps_dict=None, experimental_clipping_planes=None, features=None, graph=None, head_length: int = 0, metadata=None, name=None, opacity=1.0, projection_mode='none', properties=None, rotate=None, scale=None, shear=None, tail_length: int = 30, tail_width: int = 2, translate=None, visible=True) Tracks#

Add a Tracks layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data (array (N, D+1)) – Coordinates for N points in D+1 dimensions. ID,T,(Z),Y,X. The first axis is the integer ID of the track. D is either 3 or 4 for planar or volumetric timeseries respectively.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, and ‘additive’}.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • color_by (str) – Track property (from property keys) by which to color vertices.

  • colormap (str) – Default colormap to use to set vertex colors. Specialized colormaps, relating to specified properties can be passed to the layer via colormaps_dict.

  • colormaps_dict (dict {str: napari.utils.Colormap}) – Optional dictionary mapping each property to a colormap for that property. This allows each property to be assigned a specific colormap, rather than having a global colormap for everything.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • features (Dataframe-like) – Features table where each row corresponds to a point and each column is a feature.

  • graph (dict {int: list}) – Graph representing associations between tracks. Dictionary defines the mapping between a track ID and the parents of the track. This can be one (the track has one parent, and the parent has >=1 child) in the case of track splitting, or more than one (the track has multiple parents, but only one child) in the case of track merging. See examples/tracks_3d_with_graph.py

  • head_length (float) – Length of the positive (forward in time) tails in units of time.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimenions.

  • properties (dict {str: array (N,)}, DataFrame) – Properties for each point. Each property should be an array of length N, where N is the number of points.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • tail_length (float) – Length of the positive (backward in time) tails in units of time.

  • tail_width (float) – Width of the track tails in pixels.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created tracks layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Tracks

add_vectors(data=None, *, affine=None, blending='translucent', cache=True, edge_color='red', edge_color_cycle=None, edge_colormap='viridis', edge_contrast_limits=None, edge_width=1, experimental_clipping_planes=None, feature_defaults=None, features=None, length=1, metadata=None, name=None, ndim=None, opacity=0.7, out_of_slice_display=False, projection_mode='none', properties=None, property_choices=None, rotate=None, scale=None, shear=None, translate=None, vector_style='triangle', visible=True) Vectors#

Add a Vectors layer to the layer list.

Parameters:
  • data ((N, 2, D) or (N1, N2, ..., ND, D) array) – An (N, 2, D) array is interpreted as “coordinate-like” data and a list of N vectors with start point and projections of the vector in D dimensions. An (N1, N2, …, ND, D) array is interpreted as “image-like” data where there is a length D vector of the projections at each pixel.

  • affine (n-D array or napari.utils.transforms.Affine) – (N+1, N+1) affine transformation matrix in homogeneous coordinates. The first (N, N) entries correspond to a linear transform and the final column is a length N translation vector and a 1 or a napari Affine transform object. Applied as an extra transform on top of the provided scale, rotate, and shear values.

  • blending (str) – One of a list of preset blending modes that determines how RGB and alpha values of the layer visual get mixed. Allowed values are {‘opaque’, ‘translucent’, and ‘additive’}.

  • cache (bool) – Whether slices of out-of-core datasets should be cached upon retrieval. Currently, this only applies to dask arrays.

  • edge_color (str) – Color of all of the vectors.

  • edge_color_cycle (np.ndarray, list) – Cycle of colors (provided as string name, RGB, or RGBA) to map to edge_color if a categorical attribute is used color the vectors.

  • edge_colormap (str, napari.utils.Colormap) – Colormap to set vector color if a continuous attribute is used to set edge_color.

  • edge_contrast_limits (None, (float, float)) – clims for mapping the property to a color map. These are the min and max value of the specified property that are mapped to 0 and 1, respectively. The default value is None. If set the none, the clims will be set to (property.min(), property.max())

  • edge_width (float) – Width for all vectors in pixels.

  • experimental_clipping_planes (list of dicts, list of ClippingPlane, or ClippingPlaneList) – Each dict defines a clipping plane in 3D in data coordinates. Valid dictionary keys are {‘position’, ‘normal’, and ‘enabled’}. Values on the negative side of the normal are discarded if the plane is enabled.

  • feature_defaults (dict[str, Any] or DataFrame) – The default value of each feature in a table with one row.

  • features (dict[str, array-like] or DataFrame) – Features table where each row corresponds to a vector and each column is a feature.

  • length (float) – Multiplicative factor on projections for length of all vectors.

  • metadata (dict) – Layer metadata.

  • name (str) – Name of the layer.

  • ndim (int) – Number of dimensions for vectors. When data is not None, ndim must be D. An empty vectors layer can be instantiated with arbitrary ndim.

  • opacity (float) – Opacity of the layer visual, between 0.0 and 1.0.

  • out_of_slice_display (bool) – If True, renders vectors not just in central plane but also slightly out of slice according to specified point marker size.

  • projection_mode (str) – How data outside the viewed dimensions but inside the thick Dims slice will be projected onto the viewed dimenions.

  • properties (dict {str: array (N,)}, DataFrame) – Properties for each vector. Each property should be an array of length N, where N is the number of vectors.

  • property_choices (dict {str: array (N,)}) – possible values for each property.

  • rotate (float, 3-tuple of float, or n-D array.) – If a float convert into a 2D rotation matrix using that value as an angle. If 3-tuple convert into a 3D rotation matrix, using a yaw, pitch, roll convention. Otherwise assume an nD rotation. Angles are assumed to be in degrees. They can be converted from radians with np.degrees if needed.

  • scale (tuple of float) – Scale factors for the layer.

  • shear (1-D array or n-D array) – Either a vector of upper triangular values, or an nD shear matrix with ones along the main diagonal.

  • translate (tuple of float) – Translation values for the layer.

  • vector_style (str) – One of a list of preset display modes that determines how vectors are displayed. Allowed values are {‘line’, ‘triangle’, and ‘arrow’}.

  • visible (bool) – Whether the layer visual is currently being displayed.

Returns:

layer – The newly-created vectors layer.

Return type:

napari.layers.Vectors

dict(**kwargs)[source]#

Convert to a dictionary.

property experimental#

Experimental commands for IPython console.

For example run “viewer.experimental.cmds.loader.help”.

json(**kwargs)[source]#

Serialize to json.

open(path: str | Path | Sequence[str | Path], *, stack: bool | list[list[str | Path]] = False, plugin: str | None = 'napari', layer_type: Literal['graph', 'image', 'labels', 'points', 'shapes', 'surface', 'tracks', 'vectors'] | None = None, **kwargs) list[Layer][source]#

Open a path or list of paths with plugins, and add layers to viewer.

A list of paths will be handed one-by-one to the napari_get_reader hook if stack is False, otherwise the full list is passed to each plugin hook.

Parameters:
  • path (str or list of str) – A filepath, directory, or URL (or a list of any) to open.

  • stack (bool or list[list[str]], optional) – If a list of strings is passed as path and stack is True, then the entire list will be passed to plugins. It is then up to individual plugins to know how to handle a list of paths. If stack is False, then the path list is broken up and passed to plugin readers one by one. by default False. If the stack option is a list of lists containing individual paths, the inner lists are passedto the reader and will be stacked.

  • plugin (str, optional) – Name of a plugin to use, by default builtins. If provided, will force path to be read with the specified plugin. If None, plugin will be read from preferences or inferred if just one reader is compatible. If the requested plugin cannot read path, an exception will be raised.

  • layer_type (str, optional) – If provided, will force data read from path to be passed to the corresponding add_<layer_type> method (along with any additional) kwargs provided to this function. This may result in exceptions if the data returned from the path is not compatible with the layer_type.

  • **kwargs – All other keyword arguments will be passed on to the respective add_layer method.

Returns:

layers – A list of any layers that were added to the viewer.

Return type:

list

open_sample(plugin: str, sample: str, reader_plugin: str | None = None, **kwargs) list[Layer][source]#

Open sample from plugin and add it to the viewer.

To see all available samples registered by plugins, use napari.plugins.available_samples()

Parameters:
  • plugin (str) – name of a plugin providing a sample

  • sample (str) – name of the sample

  • reader_plugin (str, optional) – reader plugin to use, passed to viewer.open. Only used if the sample data is an URI (Uniform Resource Identifier). By default None.

  • **kwargs – additional kwargs will be passed to the sample data loader provided by plugin. Use of **kwargs may raise an error if the kwargs do not match the sample data loader.

Returns:

layers – A list of any layers that were added to the viewer.

Return type:

list

Raises:

KeyError – If plugin does not provide a sample named sample.

reset_view() None[source]#

Reset the camera view.