napari installation tutorial
Welcome to the napari installation tutorial!
This tutorial will teach you how to do a clean install of napari. It is aimed at people that just want to use napari. For people also interested in contributing to napari please check our contributing guidelines for more advanced installation procedures. At the end of the tutorial you should have napari successfully installed on your computer and be able to make the napari viewer appear.
which distribution to install¶
If you want to contribute back to the napari codebase, you should install from source code: see the from source section.
If you only wish to use napari as GUI app (and not from python code), the bundled app is the easiest way to install, it does not require having python pre-installed.
If you are using napari from Python to programmatically interact with the app, you can install via pip, conda-forge, or from source.
from pip, with “batteries included”¶
napari can be installed on most macOS, Linux, and Windows systems with Python 3.7, 3.8, and 3.9 using pip:
pip install "napari[all]"
Specifying a GUI Backend below for an explanation of the
If you prefer to manage packages with conda, napari is available on the conda-forge channel. You can install it with:
conda install -c conda-forge napari
install from the master branch on Github¶
To install the “next-release” version from github via pip, call
pip install "git+https://github.com/napari/napari.git#egg=napari[all]"
clone the repository locally and install in editable mode¶
To clone the github repository for local install
git clone https://github.com/napari/napari.git cd napari pip install -e .[all]
checking it worked¶
After installation you should be able to launch napari from the command line by simply running
An empty napari viewer should appear as follows
If you installed napari with
pip you can upgrade by calling
pip install "napari[all]" --upgrade
choosing a different Qt backend¶
Specifying a GUI Backend
napari needs a library called Qt to run its user interface
(UI). In Python, there are two alternative libraries to run this, called
PySide2. By default, we don’t choose for you,
and simply running
pip install napari will not install either. You might
already have one of them installed in your environment, thanks to other
scientific packages such as Spyder or matplotlib. If neither is available,
running napari will result in an error message asking you to install one of
pip install "napari[all]" will install the default framework – currently
PyQt5, but this could change in the future.
To install napari with a specific framework, you can use:
pip install "napari[pyqt5]" # for PyQt5 # OR pip install "napari[pyside2]" # for PySide2
Note: if you switch backends, it’s a good idea to
pip uninstall the one
you’re not using.
installing as a bundled app¶
napari can also be installed as a bundled app on each of the major platforms, MacOS, Windows, and Linux with a simple one click download and installation process. You might want to install napari as a bundled app if you are unfamiliar with installing Python packages or if you were unable to get the installation process described above working. The bundled app version of napari is the same version that you can get through the above described processes, and can still be extended with napari plugins installed directly via the app.
To access the cross platform bundles you can visit our release
page and scroll to the release you
are interested in and expand the
assets tab to get a view that looks like
You can then download the appropriate zip file for your platform.
installing the MacOS bundle¶
Once you have downloaded the MacOS bundle zip you will have a zip file with a
napari-0.3.7-macOS.zip. After unzipping you will have a file with a
napari-0.3.7.dmg. Double clicking the
dmg will open a new finder
window giving you the option to install napari into your
by dragging the
napari icon onto the
After you drag the
napari icon onto the
Applications icon napari will be
installed in your Applications folder and available for opening by double
clicking on it.
The first time you try and open napari you will get the “unverified developer warning” that appears bellow:
Don’t be alarmed, this is because the napari team has not yet obtained a developer certificate from Apple, but we will be doing this promptly. It is safe to click “Cancel”. To get napari to open you must enter “Systems Preferences” and click the “Security & Privacy” icon, circled in red below:
Once inside the “Security & Privacy” tab, you should see a message about napari being blocked and an “Open Anyway” button, circled in red below:
After clicking this button you’ll get one final warning about napari not being verified, but now you’ll have an “Open” button, as seen below:
After clicking “Open”, the viewer should appear. Don’t worry, you only have to go through this process once when you install a new bundle.
installing the Windows bundle¶
Once you have downloaded the Windows bundle zip you will have a zip file with a
napari-0.3.7-Windows.zip. Unzip the bundle (you may like to use a
tool like 7-zip for this) and double click on msi
The napari setup wizard will then open. Click “Next” to begin the installation.
After the setup wizard has installed napari, click “Finish” to exit.
When you launch the bundled napari app on Windows, first you’ll see an empty command terminal appear (do not close this window - you can ignore it). The command terminal will be followed by a napari splash screen, and then the main napari user interface window will appear a few seconds later. Note that errors which might occur during your napari session will appear on the command terminal
so if something is not working, it might pay to take a look at the terminal!
You can launch napari from the Windows start menu.
The very first time you launch napari the startup time will be fairly slow, but after that you will find that napari launches more quickly.
installing the Linux bundle¶
(Guide coming soon… In the meantime, if you try it and encounter issues, see below for how to contact us.)
If you are running into issues, please open a new issue on our issue tracker and include the output of the following command
We’re a community partner on the imagesc
forum and all usage support requests should
be posted on the forum with the tag
napari. We look forward to interacting
with you there.